Jump to navigation. Vaginal births are often associated with some form of trauma to the genital tract, and tears that affect the anal sphincter or mucosa third- and fourth-degree tears can cause serious problems. Perineal trauma can occur spontaneously or result from a surgical incision episiotomy. Different perineal techniques are being used to slow down the birth of the baby's head, and allow the perineum to stretch slowly to prevent injury. Massage, warm compresses and different perineal management techniques are widely used by midwives and birth attendants. The objective of this updated review was to assess the effect of perineal techniques during the second stage of labour on the incidence of perineal trauma.
Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal trauma
Vaginal cuts and tears: Causes, treatment, and when to see a doctor
Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. For millions of women, childbirth is a somewhat daunting yet thoroughly rewarding process. In the western world, many years of medical research and professional experience mean that women have access to expert care before, during and after birth. However, there is still one matter that is not being addressed enough during pregnancy: pelvic floor health.
Reducing your risk of perineal tears
Photo by Twenty When I became pregnant, one of my concerns was avoiding a C-section. But while I was hoping for a problem-free delivery, the last thing on my mind was vaginal tearing and an episiotomy.
Jump to content. An episiotomy say "eh-pih-zee-AH-tuh-mee" is a cut the doctor or midwife makes in the perineum say "pair-uh-NEE-um" , which is the area between the vagina and anus. It is done to help deliver the baby or to help prevent the muscles and skin from tearing. The cut is made just before the baby's head comes out of the birth canal.