For more than 50 years, constant armed conflict has been the reality for Colombians. Caught in the crossfire between the Colombian government, leftist guerrilla forces predominantly the FARC, or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia and right-wing paramilitary groups, hundreds of thousands of Colombians have been killed and millions more forcibly displaced. However, this violence has not been evenly distributed within Colombian society. Rather, as one might expect given the devaluing of Black and Brown bodies, particularly Black and Brown women, inherent to colonial conquest and its legacy, the violence has fallen heavily upon the Afro-Colombian population.
Colombia While Black:Double-Consciousness Abroad
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By By Alexis Coleman. Recently, I set out for Colombia with several friends from my graduate program. The impulse to travel to South America, and specifically Colombia, came from nothing more than finding a cheap ticket. My other goal was to seek out and observe Afro-Colombians. As soon as we disembarked from the plane, I could smell elitism and pride. There were people in suits walking around, students, street vendors and retired women walking their dogs.
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The IACHR corroborated that the situation of indigenous and Afro-Colombian women is particularly critical, as they are victims of multiple forms of discrimination on the basis of their race, ethnic background and their condition as women, a situation aggravated within the armed conflict. They face two layers of discrimination since they are born: firstly, as members of their racial and ethnic group and secondly, their sex. Being exposed to two forms of discrimination historically, they are doubly vulnerable to abuse and mistreatment by the armed groups in their struggle to control resources and territory. As previously stated, the armed groups exploit and manipulate social disadvantage factors in specific groups as a strategy of war.
That shines on all of us Has passed on. Notarial records provide just a small indication of this past life, however limited, as one promissory note from specifies that a man named Fernando Ortiz, who was heavily indebted to Bonoli, mortgaged four slaves named Maria de Jesus, Juan, Agustina, and Justo to him. Both witnesses testified to have first heard his moans around in the evening, moans that did not cease until in the morning.